This Video shows tips and techniques for Tig Welding outside corner joints.
Outside corner joints are very commonly used to building boxes, tanks, reservoirs, etc.
Often a press brake or sheet metal brake is used to eliminate as many welds as possible but ultimately an outside corner weld or 2 or 3 are needed to finish the job.
for these practice welds, I used a piece of aluminum angle.
It not only pulls heat out of the small practices, but it also traps argon gas on the back side.
Although full penetration is not always required on outside corner joints, its good to have some evidence of penetration on the reverse side.
if the weld is done per a drawing, often times a welding symbol will specify depth of penetration.
Size of filler wire is often times a matter of preference.
In this video, I showed using .045" ER70s-2 as well as 3/32".
Both worked just fine.
I think in most cases, I would usually weld 11ga steel outside corner joints using er70s-2 1/16" diameter wire as it is a good all around size for 11ga. 1/16" requires a bit more feeding than 3/32" but it doesnt chill the puddle as much.
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Provided a good fitup is achieved, thinner metals can be welded without filler metal for some applications.
For example, 18 ga stainless can be welded using pulse settings and chill bars with great results.
I like 1.5 pulses per second with low background and low pulse time settings for thin outside corner joints.
Several years ago, I worked for a large company.
I could see the writing on the way concerning 2% thoriated electrodes.
I knew eventually, the publicity concerning the radioactivity of thoriated electrodes would pressure my company to find a good alternative electrode.
After lots of testing on both AC and DC, 2% lanthanated seem to perform the best as an all purpose electrode.
So that is what I used for everything now.
For this video, I used 3/32" diameter electrodes which will handle anything you can do with a 200 amp inverter tig welder.
There are many other types available that are good all purpose electrodes. like E3, and Ceriated for example.
I tested these too, and settled on 2% lanthanated.