"Tig Welding might not be as fast as mig, but it is much more versatile. Just by switching rods, you can go from carbon to stainless to inconel to titanium.
AND just by flicking a switch you can weld aluminum too"
Different Types of Welding like MIG, Stick, Flux Core
depending on the most wanted result.
Tig Welding aluminum requires Alternating current (except in very rare cases...click here to see a video using DCEN and helium to weld aluminum.
TIG, welding can sometimes be done without using Filler metal but this only works in certain applications...like food service code welds on kitchen equipment where looking smooth and clean is sometimes more important than weld strength.
Most of the time filler metal is used to allow for a full strength weld.
The techniques used in TIG are similar to those used in Gas welding because both hands are used in manipulating the torch along with the filler rod.
TIG is just better.
TIG pinpoints the heat much better and a foot control is often used to regulate amperage. There are dc and ac/dc power units with built-in high frequency generators designed specifically for TIG. These automatically control gas and water flow when welding begins and ends.
If the torch is water-cooled, a supply of coolant is necessary (It is best to use a coolant recommended by the manufacturer in order to get the best performance and longest life from your torch).
TIG Torches are made so that electrodes and gas nozzles can readily be changed. Automated TIG welding equipment may include devices for checking and adjusting the welding torch level, equipment for work handling, provisions for initiating the arc and controlling gas and water flow, and filler wire feed mechanisms.
There are several different tungsten electrodes out there.
2% thoriated, Ceriated, lanthanated, E3, LayZr and more but unless you want to spend a bunch of money trying all of them, just get some 2% lanthanated 3/32" and go from there.
2% Lanthanated Tungsten Electrodes...as good as thoriated without the Radioactive thorium
I stuck with 2% thoriated for a long time. It worked but on A/C the tip kind of got jacked up at high amperage. I tried 2% lanthanated and learned that it works great on DC and even better on A/C. And For TIG inverters like the Miller Dynasty 200dx and numerous others it holds up really well at higher AC frequencies like 120-250 HZ.
The main drawback is that is does not break easily...you have to cut it with a grinder. It is not as brittle as thoriated.
But if there is anything truth to the caution about radioactivity, then it is definitely worth swapping over to 2% lanthanated.
Carbon and low alloy steels
Stainless steels like 304, 316,321. 17-4, 410
Nickel alloys like Inconel, Hastelloy, Waspalloy etc.
Aluminum alloys like, 3003, 5052, 6061
Cobalt alloys like Haynes 188, and L605
Refractory alloys like columbium, molybdenum, tungsten
Copper alloys like aluminum bronze , nibral bronze, pure copper
Items that are commonly welded with the TIG process are:
DOM tubing, 1018 sheet metal, Root passes in piping systems, Castings, Tool and die, Injection molds
Food service and kitchen equipment, Aerospace components, Surgical and pharmaceutical components, Automotive exhaust and other components, Nuclear piping and components,
Surgical and pharmaceutical components,
Heat treat oven components, exhaust collectors
Aerospace ducting and other components,
Boats and boat props,
Tanker trucks, tuna towers
Aerospace gearboxes, some ducting, and other components, Old Volkswagen engine parts, Some Chainsaw housings,
Aerospace Fan blades, ducting, and other components Piping for ocean applications, Golf clubs, Helicopter compressor components, Race car parts,
Aerospace hot section engine components,
Hard facing applications for earth moving and mining, Wear resistant surfaces for manufacturing,
Nibral bronze marine components and boat propellers, Aluminum bronze valve bodies, Bronze and brass castings, Pure copper
When it comes to Tig equipment, Miller tig welding machines are hard to beat. But there are lots of other choices now.
It can be hard to filter out all the sales and marketing talk and get the truth about reliability, performance, and customer service.
Get the best machine you can afford.
But dont think you have to wait to save thousands of dollars to get started.
You can get a pretty good AC/DC TIG welder for way less $1000 right here and even if you add a nice TIG cup kit, you will still be around $1000
What is better TIG or MIG welding?
TIG welding is better for certain things like thinner metals and high performance alloys like 4130 chromoly and superalloys like inconel and titanium.
Switching from metal to metal is as easy as grabbing a different filler metal and changing a few settings.
Mig welding is generally must faster than tig but switching metals requires changing out a spool of wire and switching to a different shielding gas.
What is TIG welding used for?
TIG welding is used for nearly all metals like carbon steel, 4130 chromoly, stainless steel, nickel alloys, aluminum, magnesium, and titanium. It is especially good for thin metals.
TIG welding is more versatile than any other welding process because switching from one metal to another only requires using a different filler metal along with changing a few settings.
What is difference between TIG and MIG?
The different between TIG and MIG is like precision vs speed.
TIG welding uses a tungsten electrode to produce the arc and filler metal is fed with the other hand.
MIG welding is a wire fed process where the filler wire is the electrode and also the filler wire.
What does TIG welding mean?
TIG stands for Tungsten Inert Gas and originally, helium was used for the inert shielding gas.
Thats why TIG was once called Heliarc.
Once it was discovered that other gases and gas mixes could be effective that were not technically inert, the name was changed to Gas Tungsten Arc Welding.
But most people still call it TIG.
TIG welding with a Stick Machine???
You can TIG with almost any DC welding Stick welding machine and you can stick weld with any almost any TIG machine.
Why buy a TIG machine then? Well TIG machines, that is welding machines that are specifically designed for TIG welding, simply do it better. They have features like high frequency start, remote amperage control, and solenoid valves for shielding gas.
TIG welding with a DC stick welding machine involves scratch starting and using a torch with an argon valve built in. But if you just want to be able to make good looking welds on thin metal and you already have a DC stick welder, you will be surprised at what you can make happen with a scratch start TIG rig.
Oh! One more useful tip. If you just need to burn a stick rod or 2, why bother changing over to a stinger? This really works!
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